A balanced diet is one that contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral salts, and fiber. Carbohydrates are essential as they are a major source of energy. They contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Most of the carbohydrates are sourced from food rich in starch like potato, rice, bread. The starch intake is then converted into glucose; which is carried around the body, through blood circulation and used by the tissues as a source of energy.
There’s so much said about the importance of a balanced diet, but how many among us know what are the essential components of a healthy diet and what are their benefits. Here are the components :
Proteins: Proteins are essential to stimulate growth in children as well as useful for people from all age groups to fight infections as they act as antibodies. Proteins sourced through meat products are tuna fish, egg, chicken, nuts, grains, beans, and vegetables, etc.
Fats: Fats are also an important source of energy and are stored under the skin, helping the body against cold.
Vitamins: Vitamins such as Vitamin A (good for eyes), Vitamin B (broken down into 12 chemicals), Vitamin C (needed for body repair), Vitamin D (needed to absorb calcium), and vitamin E, in small numbers are essential to keep the body functioning.
Mineral salts: Includes iron, calcium, sodium and iodine.
Fiber: These are essential for digestion.
A balanced diet includes the right combination of all the above essential elements. An increase or decrease in any of these will lead to a number of problems.